News & Views for Anarchists & Activists: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/smygo
The Terrorists Who Aren't in the News By Jennifer L. Pozner, AlterNet Posted on November 11, 2006 http://www.alternet.org/story/43182/
On Sept. 11, 2006, the fifth anniversary of the terror attacks that devastated our nation, a man crashed his car into a building in Davenport, Iowa, hoping to blow it up and kill himself in the fire.
No national newspaper, magazine or network newscast reported this attempted suicide bombing, though an AP wire story was available. Cable news (save for MSNBC's Keith Olbermann) was silent about this latest act of terrorism in America.
Had the criminal, David McMenemy, been Arab or Muslim, this would have been headline news for weeks. But since his target was the Edgerton Women's Health Center, rather than, say, a bank or a police station, media have not called this terrorism -- even after three decades of extreme violence by anti-abortion fanatics, mostly fundamentalist Christians who believe they're fighting a holy war.
Since 1977, casualties from this war include seven murders, 17 attempted murders, three kidnappings, 152 assaults, 305 completed or attempted bombings and arsons, 375 invasions, 482 stalking incidents, 380 death threats, 618 bomb threats, 100 acid attacks, and 1,254 acts of vandalism, according to the National Abortion Federation.
Abortion providers and activists received 77 letters threatening anthrax attacks before 9/11, yet the media never considered anthrax threats as terrorism until after 9/11, when such letters were delivered to journalists and members of Congress.
After 9/11, Planned Parenthood and other abortion rights groups received 554 envelopes containing white powder and messages like: "You have been exposed to anthrax. . . . We are going to kill all of you." They were signed by the Army of God, a group that hosts Scripture-filled web pages for "Anti-Abortion Heroes of the Faith," including minister Paul Hill, Michael Griffin and James Kopp, all convicted of murdering abortion providers, and a convicted clinic bomber, the Rev. Michael Bray. Another of their "martyrs," Clayton Waagner, mailed anthrax letters while a fugitive on the FBI's 10 most wanted list for anti-abortion related crimes.
"I am a terrorist," Waagner declared on the Army of God's web site. Boasting that God "freed me to make war on his enemy," he claimed he knew where 42 Planned Parenthood workers lived. "It doesn't matter to me if you're a nurse, receptionist, bookkeeper, or janitor, if you work for the murderous abortionist, I'm going to kill you."
That's textbook terrorism, defined by the USA Patriot Act as dangerous criminal acts that "appear to be intended to intimidate or coerce a civilian population" or "to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion."
Which brings us back to car bomber, McMenemy. According to the Detroit Free Press (the only newspaper in the Nexis news database that reported his crime), he targeted the women's health center because he thought it provided abortions. It doesn't. (oops!) It provides mostly low-income patients with pap smears, ob-gyn care, testing for sexually transmitted diseases, birth control, and nutrition and immunization programs for women and children.
The attack caused $170,000 in property damage and left poor families without health care for a week. But long after Edgerton's water-logged carpets are removed, scorched medical equipment replaced and new doors reopened to the public, a culture of fear will linger among doctors, nurses, advocates and patients across the country, who will worry they could be next. Some frightened workers will quit their jobs; some women will be too scared to get the health care they need.
Every fresh incident of anti-abortion terrorism is a reminder that women's health supporters are not safe in a country where abortion is legal but mobilized zealots believe Jesus has empowered them to kill to prevent women from choosing it.
Is McMenemy a lone nut case, or a member of that network of violent extremists? We don't know, because journalists haven't investigated.
Nor have they reported that just last year, nearly one in five abortion clinics experienced gunfire, arson, bombings, chemical attacks, assaults, stalking, death threats and blockades, according to the 2005 National Clinic Violence Survey. Additionally, 59 percent suffered intimidation tactics such as photo/video surveillance.
Federal efforts to hunt down these terrorists improved with the Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act in 1994 and the National Task Force on Violence Against Health Care Providers, established by the Department of Justice in 1998. The feds have taken over McMenemy's case, charging him with arson against a business affecting interstate commerce. Yet as of Oct. 5, no news outlet on Nexis reported this, despite a second AP story.
As we continue national debates on how to keep America safe from terrorism, journalists do us -- and especially women -- no good pretending that the threats come only from radical Muslims outside our borders.
Jennifer L. Pozner is founder and executive director of Women In Media & News, a national media analysis, education and advocacy group.
-- Dan Clore
Now available: _The Unspeakable and Others_ http://amazon.com/o/ASIN/1587154838/ref=nosim/thedanclorenecro Lord Weÿrdgliffe & Necronomicon Page: http://www.geocities.com/clorebeast/ News & Views for Anarchists & Activists: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/smygo
"Don't just question authority, Don't forget to question me." -- Jello Biafra
James A. Donald
2006-11-11 23:10:19 EST
On Sat, 11 Nov 2006 14:55:53 -0800, Dan Clore <*firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
> News & Views for Anarchists & Activists: > http://groups.yahoo.com/group/smygo > > The Terrorists Who Aren't in the News > > [...] > > Since 1977, casualties from this war include seven murders,
Since 1977, how many murders by radical Islamists.
-- ---------------------- We have the right to defend ourselves and our property, because of the kind of animals that we are. True law derives from this right, not from the arbitrary power of the omnipotent state.
http://www.jim.com/ James A. Donald
2006-11-12 04:42:21 EST
James A. Donald <email@example.com> wrote in message news:firstname.lastname@example.org... > On Sat, 11 Nov 2006 14:55:53 -0800, Dan Clore > <email@example.com> wrote: > > > News & Views for Anarchists & Activists: > > http://groups.yahoo.com/group/smygo > > > > The Terrorists Who Aren't in the News > > > > [...] > > > > Since 1977, casualties from this war include seven murders, > > Since 1977, how many murders by radical Islamists.
excellent, James.... you make the articles point perfectly......
> > -- > ---------------------- > We have the right to defend ourselves and our property, because > of the kind of animals that we are. True law derives from this > right, not from the arbitrary power of the omnipotent state. > > http://www.jim.com/ James A. Donald
2006-11-13 10:21:44 EST
http://www.tempo.co.id/hg/nasional/2006/10/02/brk,20061002-85156,uk.html Retired TNI General Arrested in US Monday, 02 October, 2006 | 13:12 WIB A retired Indonesian Military (TNI) Navy General with three Indonesian citizens and two foreigners were arrested on Saturday in Guam, United States. They were accused of smuggling sophisticated weapons worth millions of US dollars to Sri Lanka?s Tamil Tiger and the Indonesian army, as well as money laundering. In a press conference held on Saturday (30/9), Rod J. Rosenstein, a State Attorney of Maryland, US, said that the six people were Haniffa bin Osman (Singapore, 55), Thirunavukarasu Varatharasa (Sri Lanka, 36), Erick Wotulo (Indonesia, 60), Haji Subandi (Indonesia, 69), Reinhard Rusli (Indonesia, 34), and Helmi Soedirdja (Indonesia, 33). Erick Wotulo is a retired Marine Brigadier General. The arrests were carried out by undercover Federal Bureau Investigation (FBI) agents. The suspects made an advance payment of US$700,000 for the purchase of weapons that weighed a total of 3.5 tons. The weapons that were planned to be transported by 14 trucks included sniper and semi-automatic weapons as well as grenade throwers. It was also planned to order aircraft, as well as land and also air guided missile to destroy Israel-made aircraft used by the Sri Lankan army.
http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/printpage/0,5942,20521775,00.html .. .. .. The case follows one in April, when four men - one of them an Indonesian - were arrested in Hawaii as they negotiated the purchase of sidewinder missiles, handguns and military aviation radar systems, also allegedly for the TNI.
http://www.etan.org/et2006/april/15/20warbiz.htm The Jakarta Post Thursday, April 20, 2006 Editorial War Business The ongoing legal process of two Indonesian nationals in Hawaii accused of illegal arms purchase is not only a slap in the face for the nation, but also an indication of a long-standing illicit arms business involving individuals and groups at home. The fact that Hadiyanto Joko Djuliarso and Ignatius Ferdinand Suharli are certified Indonesian Military (TNI) arms brokers and were on a mission to procure defense equipment when the United States federal authorities arrested them on April 9 has quickly dragged the Indonesian government into the case. A statement by Hadiyanto's lawyer Alvin Nishimura in the opening session of his client's hearing Monday that all of the weapons -- with a total value of about US$1 million -- were "for Indonesian interests" looks to support the suspicion, although Defense Minister Juwono Sudarsono denies it. The U.S. authorities also questioned two Indonesian Air Force officers who had accompanied the brokers to Hawaii, but found no evidence that they had any role in the transaction which Juwono said was outside the government's knowledge. .. .. ..
The Jakarta Post Thursday, April 20, 2006 Weapons purchaser claims order was for TNI Tiarma Siboro, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta The Indonesian Military (TNI) continues to maintain its weapons purchases have been completely legitimate, despite claims of one of the parties under investigation in a massive arms smuggling operation that it filled orders exclusively for the military. Indonesian Military Chief Air Chief Marshal Djoko Suyanto told Antara newswire Wednesday that there were no plans to buy Sidewinder missiles last year. An order for the missiles "would not be from the TNI," he was quoted as saying, adding that such purchases were only done on a government-to-government basis. However, in a signed written statement, a businessman from Singapore-based PT Ataru Indonesia, a company acknowledged by the government as an Air Force supplier, said he dealt with supplying and purchasing spare parts for U.S.-made military aircraft, including only days after the U.S. restored full military ties last November. Washington slapped a partial embargo on military cooperation following the 1992 massacre in Dili, East Timor. Joint training officially resumed last year; selling of spare parts for Hercules helicopters was permitted following the 2004 tsunami. Last November's official lifting of the 14-year embargo included allowing sales of lethal military hardware, although the U.S. said it would depend on Indonesia's human rights record. Hoedaifah Koeddah, a relative of one of the detained Indonesians who are accused by U.S. investigators of plotting an illegal arms purchase, on Wednesday denied allegations the company's activities were illegal. .. .. ..
http://www.thejakartapost.com/yesterdaydetail.asp?fileid=20040506.A03 TNI admits to wrongdoings in Aceh May 06, 2004 The Indonesian Military (TNI) acknowledged on Wednesday that troops in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam were guilty of hundreds of violations, including rape and selling ammunition to rebels in the province. TNI chief Gen. Endriartono Sutarto said 511 violations had been recorded since a military operation was launched in Aceh in mid-May 2003. .. .. ..
Text of the "Declaration of War" by Laskar Jihad Commander Ustadz Ja'far Umar Thalib, broadcast on Radio SPMM (Voice of the Maluku Muslim Struggle) on 1-3 May 2002; as published by Indonesian newspaper Berdarah web site on 8 May.
BBC Monitoring International Reports ? May 16, 2002: Text Of Laskar Jihad Leader's "Declaration Of War" (subheadings inserted editorially)
May peace and His mercy and blessing be upon you. Beloved and honoured Muslim faithful. Teachers, imams prayer leaders of mosques, community figures and all Muslim faithful wherever they are who are listening to my call. We are grateful to Allah God Subhanahu Wataala praise be to the Almighty who has chosen us as His soldiers. Allah's soldiers have received a military obligation as stated by Allah: "Jihad is ordained for you though you dislike it and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. And Allah knows but you do not know!" Koranic verses quoted throughout. Therefore, Allah has ordained the military obligation to us as Allah's soldiers.
Beloved and honoured Muslim faithful. For those who are still doubtful about going to war, listen to Allah's advice on how we should carry out this mission of war. Allah Subhanahu Wataala has warned us: "And what is wrong with you that you don't fight in the cause of Allah? And those oppressed among them cry to Allah: Our Lord! Rescue us from this town whose people are oppressors. Our Lord! Raise for us from You one who will help."
Beloved and honoured Muslim Faithful, listeners of SPMM radio. What law in this world can oppose Allah's law when Allah states that we are obliged to fight to defend the oppressed people who cannot defend themselves? And what earthly law can prohibit the religious obligation expressed in the command of Allah, "And if they, your brothers in faith, ask you for your help, then you are ordained to help them." Therefore, I state emphatically that all laws and regulations that oppose Allah's commandments are actually invalid. Beloved and honoured Muslim faithful. Because of this, then, we face the reality of the oppression, crimes and treason of the Maluku provincial administration, which has been given the title Civil Emergency Authority. For more than three years the Muslim faithful have been toyed with and mocked with various kinds of fraud, evil play and treasonous evil carried out by the Maluku provincial Administration, together with the Church, which is the command headquarters of the RMS South Maluku Republic movement.
The Maluku provincial administration, led by Saleh Latuconsina, and the Church led by perpetrators of crimes against humanity, priests who have stolen the proscribed wealth of the people, have conspired to carry out an evil and treasonous plot against the Muslim faithful, namely that of expelling the Muslim faithful and then proclaiming the establishment of the RMS state.
We have tried lobbying to resist the evil that is continuously perpetrated. We have lobbied the central government, TNI/Polri Indonesian National Military Forces/National Police personnel, both at TNI Headquarters and Polri Headquarters and in the Maluku provincial administration. We have been trying more than adequately to do this for more than three years. And yet all these efforts have not helped the condition of the Muslim faithful, who constantly subject to the games of the perpetrators of crimes against humanity.
Moreover, the PDS Civil Emergency Authority has apparently been taken over and is now controlled by the Church which is actually the command headquarters of the RMS movement. So this movement is no longer mere talk, but it has been realized in the form of political manoeuvres at the national and international level.
It also exists in the form of military manoeuvres and mass mobilization through insulting state symbols such as the DPRD Provincial House of Representatives and the Governor's Office.
Apart from that, they also dare to disregard the prohibition of the central government and regional administration concerning the RMS anniversary and raising of the RMS flag. Saleh Latuconsina, in his capacity as Civil Emergency Authority, has done nothing whatsoever in response to all these insults. Saleh has now positioned himself as the civil emergency traitor. The climax was when we Muslim faithful warned the government by threatening a people's war that stern action must be taken against all plans of RMS figures within and without the Church who wanted to commemorate the RMS anniversary.
All ultimatums ignored
Beloved and honoured Muslim faithful. We have done all this in the name of exercising our duty and obligation as citizens of the Republic of Indonesia to defend it. Moreover, we have done all this in the name of exercising our religious obligations, namely defending the integrity of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia.
But all the ultimatums that we issued were ignored by the PDS. In fact, the PDS actually approved and allowed the RMS anniversary to be commemorated throughout Maluku. In some places, based on photographic evidence that we have received, there were official ceremonies of RMS flag-raising. It all shows what a cruel traitor Saleh Latuconsina is towards the Islamic faithful and the Republic of Indonesia.
Because of all of this, we don't want to eventually be categorized by Allah as a group that is good at talking but does nothing. As Allah Subhanahu Wataala warned in his Word: "O you who believe! Why do you say that which you do not do? Most hateful it is with Allah that you only talk, but do not do what you say." Therefore, in view of the current situation, we declare our determination to conduct universal people's warfare against the treason of the Civil Emergency Traitor led by Saleh Latuconsina. And we Muslim faithful must prove this declaration by taking action. In the current situation, it would be extremely strange if Saleh Latuconsina decided tomorrow on 2 May 2002, large-scale sweeping would commence across Maluku.
He 's incapable of defending the Indonesian government from the undermining of the RMS rebellion, in which the Maluku Governor' Office and Ambon City DPRD Building have been burnt down. He's also incapable of defending his political decisions such as the prohibition of RMS anniversary celebrations. What's more, he's incapable of protecting the Muslim faithful from the subsequent threat posed by the RMS rebellion.
Then he issued orders that all Muslims must be disarmed. He's unable to disarm the RMS rebels, either in Kudamati, Passo or other places. Therefore, we Muslim faithful firmly reject all forms of sweeping or other excuses similar to that, which certainly have the ultimate objective of disarming the Muslim faithful. And then he, Saleh Latuconsina, will provoke the anger of the Muslim faithful in order to create clashes with TNI/Polri. This is another crime of Saleh Latuconsina.
Warnings to Maluku Governor and to the Military & Police Area Commanders O Saleh Latuconsina, if you hear my voice then listen to my final piece of advice. Be afraid of Allah knowing that the Church leaders, both national and international, cannot protect you from Allah's curse, damnation and wrath when you oppress the Muslim faithful. O Saleh Latuconsina, listen to my advice. Don't continuously deceive the Muslim faithful. If you don't immediately repent of your deeds, Allah will disgrace you as low as possible, because the prayers of the oppressed are heard by Allah.
Remember. You won't live forever. Soon you will die because you're already old. Maybe you'll be a weak old man soon and a disgraced person if you don't immediately repent to Allah, or you'll enter your grave with Allah's wrath and be proscribed from His blessing. Don't be too confident about all your crimes. O Saleh Latuconsina, if there is still a speck of faith in your heart, then you'd better think about the hereafter. All your ambition in this world to be elected governor again will in fact just result in more Muslim blood being spilt and multiply your sins and Allah's curse on you. Are you going to live another hundred years O Saleh Latuconsina? Be afraid of Allah!!! Fear Allah!
Now my advice to the Pangdam commander of XVI Pattimura Military Area Command, Brother Moestopo. Fear Allah and His curse. Verily, the prayers of oppressed Muslims will get you. Be afraid of the prayers of the oppressed. The Muslim faithful have been oppressed by the ploys of your leader, Saleh Latuconsina. You should know that TNI is the tool of the state, not the tool of the ruler. Therefore, you should put the interests of the state before those of the ruler. To Provincial Police Chief Sunarko, fear Allah! Be afraid of Allah! Do you still remember that you will die one day? Then you'll regret the responsibility of the Muslim blood on your hands because of what you have done. Be afraid of Allah, O servants of Allah. You will be defeated if you oppose Allah's greatness. You will be destroyed if you are determined to oppose Allah's power. Don't be over confident of the physical power that you have. Remember! Allah has soldiers whose numbers are infinite. If you are proud of your tens of thousands of soldiers and police, remember Allah has an infinite number of soldiers. Allah's angels are always observing you. Remember you three Allah's angels are Allah's servants who were given great power. If the tip of an angel's wing touched the face of the earth, the earth and its contents would be destroyed. What armoured vehicles and Kopassus army special forces troops would you use to oppose Allah's angels? Remember that the supreme commander is actually Allah. Therefore, if you remember this, you will repent from the rotten games that you play. Call to prepare for "people's war", martyrdom Beloved and honoured Muslim faithful. Prepare yourselves for the disarmament operations to be conducted by security personnel led by their superiors who are making themselves the dogs of the RMS. Beloved and honoured Muslim faithful. Fear not the threats of the Civil Emergency Authority, or to be more precise the Civil Emergency Traitor. Allah Subhanahu Wataala has told us about the mentality of the believers in saying: "They the believers are the ones whom the others fear, and they have gathered against you (a great army), therefore fear them." But it only strengthened their Faith and they said, "Allah alone is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us)." That is the mentality of the believers. We are advised and called on by Allah to have such a mentality. We won't retreat in the face of their bluffing such as threats to carry out repressive action if we refuse sweeping. Beloved and honoured Muslim faithful. Continue preparing all manner of opposition against all attempts of the PDS aimed at tricking the security personnel into confronting us. We will prepare everything necessary. Get the bombs that we have ready. Get our ammunition ready to spew forth the weapons that we have. And we swear by Allah!... In the name of Allah!.. ellipses as published In the name of Allah! If one Muslim is killed by the security personnel, then Kudamati and Passo Christian areas of Ambon will be a sea of fire. In Allah's name we declare it. We don't want to deal with messengers the security forces paid to clash with us. We want revenge for all the evil deeds committed against us by annihilating those giving the orders in Kudamati and Passo. This is our resolve. We don't care about this constant flattery and deception. We are already far too disappointed in the government, both provincial and central, for its continuous deception. O Saleh Latuconsina. Don't take this ultimatum for granted. You are apparently making plans to distract attention from the danger posed by the RMS treason which is undermining the dignity of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia by creating clashes between Muslims and security personnel. I swear by Allah! We are determined that we will not clash with the TNI/Polri. However, if they attack us on the grounds of sweeping or for any other reasons, we will fight back until the last drop of blood. We will also carry on the resistance up to Kudamati, Passo and until we free Maluku from the dirty hands of the RMS. This is our resolution. Don't mess with these tigers of Allah. We will not retreat from this principle. Therefore, I order all members of the Laskar Jihad of Ahlussunnah Wal Jamaah to write their will and testament and prepare themselves to take up the position of martyrs. Get all the weaponry out. Because of this state of war, I am forced to announce to all Muslim faithful that the activities of SDIP Islamic Elementary School , TKIP Islamic Kindergarten, and TPQ Koran Reciting Course are temporarily suspended in order to allow for preparations for the people's war. And to all medical workers, they'd better make all preparation for providing services to those injured in battle. To all the Muslim faithful I advise that they close the ranks and prepare themselves to take part in the people's resistance against the attempted betrayal of the nation and state. "Second Afghanistan war will take place in Maluku" We all place our trust in Allah Subhanahu Wataala, rejecting all forms of sweeping and the like. We are prepared to confront any type of armoured vehicles. In fact, we are prepared to confront jet fighters or combat helicopters. We don't care. This is all part of a warning to the world. Listen, you accomplices of the United States. Listen, you accomplices of the World Church Council. Listen, you accomplices of Zionist evangelists. Listen, you Jews and Christians: We Muslims are inviting the US military to prove its power in Maluku. Let us fight to the finish. Let us prove for the umpteenth time that the Muslim faithful cannot be conquered by over-exaggerated physical power. The second Afghanistan war will take place in Maluku if you are determined to carry out the threat, O America. Now you, the US, are suffering defeats, various terrifying strikes in Afghanistan. Let us meet gallantly on the field of battle. We will bequeath our fighting spirit to our descendants because we have been appointed by Allah as His soldiers. And we hope that Allah includes us among His servants that are favoured by Him and His servants who uphold the dignity of His religion. May Allah Subhanahu Wataala help us and save us from all forms of arrogance, ambition for compliments and the desire to seek popularity. May Allah continue saving us from such things. May Allah also endow us with pure intentions in worshipping Allah. We remind all Muslim faithful that there is no power and no struggle without the help of Allah. Only Allah can help us. Therefore, increase prayers for forgiveness, prayers of repentance to Allah and multiply deeds of obedience to Allah to obtain Allah's favour so Allah makes us victorious because of that. Only Allah knows this matter. Until we meet in the battlefield. Allahu Akbar God is Great, And may His peace, mercy and blessings be upon you! Source: Berdarah web site, Ambon, in Indonesian 08 May 02
2006-11-13 10:34:35 EST
March 8, 2002 Indonesian militant group Laskar Jihad has regularly received attention over the past two years for their unrelenting attacks on Christian populations on the islands of Moluccas and Sulawesi. More recently, the Muslim organization has been scrutinized for its possible links with other international terrorist groups such as al Qaeda. Laskar Jihad, or ?Holy War Warriors,? was founded in 2000 by Jafar Umar Thalib, who spent several years studying in Pakistan and fighting alongside the mujahidin in Afghanistan in the late 1980s. Jafar himself admits to having met Osama bin Laden there but dismisses having any respect for or ties with him, saying the al Qaeda chief ?knew nothing about true religion.? According to Jafar, al Qaeda operatives approached him in the summer of 2001 at his headquarters in Ambon in the Moluccan islands promising funding and training in return for Laskar Jihad?s cooperation. But Jafar rejected the offer and told them not to return to Indonesia. Laskar Jihad members adhere to the Wahhabi creed of Islam espoused by bin Laden ? television is banned in Laskar camps and women wear burqa ? but Jafar determined that al Qaeda?s ideology is not in line with true Islam. Nevertheless, Indonesian and U.S. authorities continue to be wary of Laskar Jihad?s motives and connections, particularly in light of recent reports that Southeast Asian terrorist groups long believed to be domestic militants in fact have links with international terrorists. Jafar acknowledges that his group has ties with Malaysia-based Kumpulan Mujahidin Malaysia (KMM), a terrorist organization recently made prominent as probable al Qaeda collaborators. Indonesia?s National Intelligence Agency also claims to have evidence that al Qaeda fighters have been fighting on Sulawesi island, where hundreds of Laskar members recently arrived to mount assaults on Christians. Furthermore, Laskar Jihad has evidently received money from countries such as Saudi Arabia, Libya and Afghanistan ? a report that matches Jafar?s claim that he visits countries such as Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Yemen to discuss his mission. The emerging al Qaeda connections aside, Laskar Jihad continues to be a concern for the Indonesian government as it mediates peace talks between Muslims and Christians on the troubled islands. With over 10,000 fighters, Laskar Jihad is the largest and most organized militant Muslim organization in Indonesia. It incited conflict on the eastern Indonesian islands in 2000 when it sent around 5,000 armed militia men to the Moluccas region with the mission of quelling what it sees as Christian separatist movements. Laskar Jihad?s classification of Christians there as kafir harbi ? or belligerent infidels, the most dangerous category of non-Muslims ? gives them the religious basis to kill. Since its inception, the group has been blamed for the death of thousands and for the creation of massive refugee flows out of targeted cities. In stark contrast to its tactical violence, Laskar Jihad proclaims a peaceful three-part mission: social work, Muslim education and ?security mission.? Its burgeoning membership attests to the sense of Islamic identity it provides to otherwise alienated Muslim men. Jafar initially recruited people from poorer and uneducated segments of the population, and still gives remuneration to many fighters in the Moluccas. The group fulfills its social mission by providing medicine and food to refugees and teaching the Koran to Muslims. However, when tasked to fight Christians, many volunteers have said they felt deceived because they had joined to assist in humanitarian activities. When they sought to return home, leaders threatened to kill members who refused to fight against Christians. These reports notwithstanding, the attacks on the United States last fall ? which Jafar openly extolled ? and the subsequent U.S. campaign in Afghanistan have inspired another 500 or so men to join the group since Sept. 11. Laskar Jihad has since maintained a consistently anti-American rhetoric. Indonesia has been blamed for its slow and hesitant commitment to the war against terrorism. President Megawati deals with the need to back the United States while maintaining Islamic support at home, and to stringently crack down on terrorists while upholding democratization. In this regard Laskar Jihad is no exception to Jakarta?s list of predicaments, but the matter is confounded by the group?s oblique but well-known link with the Indonesian military (TNI). Jakarta?s hands-off policy with TNI ? which is now under civilian control after decades of dictatorship ended with Suharto ? has enabled generals to retain old links with radical group such as Laskar Jihad. The support the militant group continues to receive from the highest levels of the Indonesian military ensures its survival. Sympathizers within TNI are believed to provide the group with cash, and possibly arms, and to order Moluccan officials not to crack down on Laskar Jihad members. According to Western intelligence sources, Laskar Jihad was actually founded with covert backing of military hardliners who wished to destabilize the post-Suharto reformist government of Abdurrahman Wahid. Jafar branded former president Wahid as anti-Islamic, claiming that his government was ?positioned to oppress Muslim interests and protect those of the infidels.? Though Laskar Jihad claims to raise most of its funds from Muslim communities, it is also believed to be relying heavily on money embezzled from the Army. Western intelligence has confirmed that at least $9.3 million has been transferred from the Army?s main fighting section to the militant group.
2006-11-13 10:41:46 EST
A Bloody Business Beneath The Morning Star - Violence in West Papua and the role of Indonesia's military
2 September 2002 15 November 2002
Over the past few years a growing body of evidence has linked the Indonesian military (TNI) with the activities of terrorist groups within the republic. The most blatant example occurred in East Timor in 1999 when proxies trained and armed by TNI waged a campaign of terror against Christian Timorese.
Since then TNI has been linked to the training and movement of Laskar Jihad warriors across Indonesia where they have spread death and destruction in restive areas including Aceh, the Malukus, Poso and now West Papua. At the same time, Kopassus, Indonesia's special forces, has been linked to the funding and training of an East Timorese-style militia group in Papua called Satgas Merah Putih.
While East Timor was the highest profile case of TNI destabilisation, Papua has suffered under a similar level of terror for many years. Since the abduction and murder of Papuan independence leader Theys Eluay by Kopassus in November last year, many indigenous leaders and human rights activists fear for their lives amid heavy intimidation and surveillance.
In mid-September the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade assured the Australia West Papua Association that "Laskar Jihad has no known links to international terrorist networks. The Indonesian police have been vigilant towards Laskar Jihad's presence, raiding the camps in December 2001 and early 2002". According to Papuan sources, however, no such raids have taken place with the number of Laskar Jihad militants in Papua growing dramatically since January.
A few days after the publicised disbanding of Laskar Jihad (announced hours before the Bali bombing), Papuan religious leader Pastor Terry Joku pleaded help in an ABC interview as Laskar Jihad members surrounded his house in Jayapura threatening to kill him. Joku said the death threats had started last year, the day after Eluay's murder. While boatloads of Laskar Jihad members were reported to have left Maluku after the Bali bombings, the same exodus has not occurred from Papua. According to a Papuan non-government group, the Institute for Human Rights Study and Advocacy (ELS-HAM), hundreds more Laskar militants have arrived in Jayapura. Spokesman Aloi Renwarin saysthat at least 300 Laskar members arrived from Ambon on October 26. He estimates there are about 3,000 Laskar members spread across several towns including Sorong, Manokwiri and Jayapura.
There have been other reports of gangs trying to cause trouble between Muslims and Christians in Jayapura. Last week, the South China Morning Post quoted a local pastor as saying that perpetrators caught by Papuans had admitted to being paid to attack Christians and their churches.
The willingness of the military to use brutal methods is well documented in Indonesia's recent history. All the latest evidence points to the involvement of Kopassus in an attack in late August on employees of the giant US-owned Freeport gold and copper mine in West Papua which resulted in the deaths of two American teachers and an Indonesian employee. While TNI automatically blamed the Free Papua Movement (OPM), investigations by the police and ELS-HAM have implicated the military. It is widely believed that TNI wanted to use the attack as justification for a crackdown on the OPM and increased "protection" payments from Freeport.
Because Jakarta has never been able to adequately fund the military, it has always encouraged TNI to become involved in business, both legal and illegal. And so the military has become the paid "protector" of businesses in Indonesia, especially the lucrative extractive industries dominated by wealthy foreign capital. To this end, BP's new Tanggah liquefied gas field in western Papua is seen as a lucrative opportunity that TNI is keen to exploit. BP is aware of the financial and social costs associated with Freeport's relationship with the military and has said that it doesn't want to make the same mistakes. It has promoted a military-free zone or a locally raised security force. Recently TNI was accused of instigating violence in nearby Wasior to justify its presence in the concession.
The anti-terrorism decree enacted by Indonesia's President Megawati Soekarnoputri after the Bali bombing is generally considered window-dressing to appease the West and to give the military a green light to increase repression. A senior Western diplomat in Jakarta, quoted by the South China Morning Post, said last week: "I think there will be a trend in that direction, and it is encouraged by the government's perception that it would be meeting the expectations and demands of foreign governments."
An indication of the military's belief that Bali is an opportunity to further consolidate its power was recently provided by army chief Ryamizard Ryacudu, who said: "What happened in Bali shows what happens when a civilian government does not allow the armed forces to act." However, Wimar Witoelar, an Indonesian commentator and spokesman for former president Abdurrahman Wahid, has openly accused the military of carrying out the attack in Bali and urges caution: "The plot is probably hatched by hardline military rogues as impatient as many are with Megawati, but coming from the right flank. This is certainly an excuse for the entry of a military takeover unless it is pre-empted."
While Western governments are considering re-establishing relations with the military, those with first hand knowledge of the country and its problems believe the only way to increase security is to hold the armed forces to account; to fight corruption of the military rather than reward it with closer ties. "You wouldn't believe the lack of faith being expressed in this government," says Sidney Jones, head of the International Crisis Group's Jakarta office. The president should consider the fact that the two institutions in this country which Indonesians have least faith in are the armed forces and the police. If Megawati now decides to give more power to those two institutions, ... then we have a serious problem." "The armed forces are jumping on the bandwagon of the need for new powers. This illuminates the single core issue in the post-Soeharto era, which is that the military is no longer interested in conducting actions designed to defend the regime. The armed forces now act only if they are paid for it. They have become an army for hire."
Military personnel in areas of conflict across Indonesia foment violence in order to maintain control over their business activities and to justify their continued presence in these regions. With the military and the terrorists perpetrating violence with impunity in West Papua, Papuans see their only recourse is removal of the feared TNI presence through an act of self-determination.
However, in allowing the military to expand its role by igniting a war on terrorism against the Papuan independence movement, the Indonesian government risks sidelining advocates of peaceful solutions to the issues facing Papua. It also risks entrenching corruption and militarism in eastern Indonesia for yet another generation.
Recent attempts at dialogue and the declaration of a "zone of peace" proposed by the Papuans will be stillborn. The cry for freedom is so loud that widespread conflict looms if Papuan aspirations continue to be ignored. It would appear that TNI's continued support of militias and terrorist groups is a deliberate trigger aimed at setting off an explosion of violence in Papua that could last for years with serious implications for Australia and its Pacific neighbours.
TNI is eager to resume close ties with the West and to have funding reinstated, but its unwillingness to investigate and prosecute officers responsible for the carnage in East Timor has been a major stumbling block. Today, however, George Bush's "war against terrorism" is seen by the military as the means for achieving its goals. Australia's defence minister, Robert Hill, has argued for the resumption of ties with Kopassus, which he sees as the only counter-terrorist force in Indonesia. This is despite knowledge of Kopassus involvement in the attack on the American teachers at Freeport, the assassination of Eluay and the violence in East Timor.
Rather than establishing close ties with the military again, a policy that will only encourage further human rights violations, what may be of greater benefit to Indonesia, Papua, Australia and the region is more emphasis on the role of provincial police, their training and skills development. Co-operation has developed after Bali, and Australia has long experience in police-training programs with other nations in the region. Australian Federal Police on the ground in Papua is a logical step in the gathering of intelligence on possible terrorist infiltration. "Community policing", involving local human rights organisations, has been advocated by Human Rights Asia. Control of ports and mines by a more professional network of provincial security agencies would ensure greater command over the entry of terrorist cells. Recruitment of Papuans into positions of responsibility may also alleviate resentment of the Jakarta-centric system that controls all aspects of Papuan life a resentment that is only aggravated by the prevailing approach to governance and an enduring legacy of brutality. The future of West Papua is pivotal to the stability of this region.
When news of the Freeport killings first made headlines, the deputy chief of the Indonesian embassy in Canberra, Imron Cotan, demanded that the perpetrators be listed as a terrorist organisation and funding to the group cease. Australia would do well to heed his advice. Whatever decisions the Australian government makes in the coming weeks will have long-term ramifications for our security and that of our Indonesian neighbour.
Laksamana.Net - Commander of the radical Islamic group Laskar Jihad, Jafar Umar Thalib, has been released from a police cell by order of a Jakarta court.
State news agency Antara said Jafar?s release on Thursday (25/7/02) was confirmed by his lawyer M. Mahendradatta.
Head of the Jakarta Public Prosecutor?s Office, Muljohardjo, also confirmed the release order.
Jafar was arrested on May 4, 2002, in the East Java capital Surabaya for allegedly inciting an April 28 massacre of Christian villagers in Ambon, Maluku province. He was later transferred to a cell in Jakarta.
In addition to being accused of stirring up religious hatred, he has also been charged with insulting President Megawati Sukarnoputri.
Mahendradatta said Jafar will go on trial on August 1.
?We have pursued existing legal avenues and at last the East Jakarta Court fulfilled our request and ordered the release of Jafar Umar Thalib from detention? This now gives Jafar Umar Thalib time to prepare his defense as his trial begins on August 1," the lawyer was quoted as saying by Reuters.
Jafar?s arrest had been lauded by Western nations and was seen as positive move by Megawati?s administration in the war against terror.
But Jafar, who once fought alongside Al-Qaeda, denies any wrongdoing and insists Laskar Jihad is not linked to any international terrorist networks.
Megawati on Thursday expressed her displeasure with radical groups, warning against "narrow fanaticism", although she stopped short mentioning any names.
Laskar Jihad in 2000 sent thousands of warriors to Maluku and North Maluku provinces to wage a Holy War against Christians. About 9,000 people have been killed in the violence since 1999.
Indonesia?s Muslim radicals have found a benevolent ally in Vice President Hamzah Haz, who in the May 28 edition of Tempo magazine said his Muslim-based United Development Party (PPP) is still trying to insert Islamic law into the constitution.
Haz came under attack from nationalist groups after he met with Jafar at the latter?s cell on May 7. Critics said the visit was an effort to pressure police to release Jafar and was clearly at odds with Megawati?s pledge to crack down on communal violence and terrorism.
But the vice president claimed the meeting was held to discuss solutions to the religious violence in Maluku.
He also said the visit was made in his capacity as a Muslim individual to visit a brother in distress. "It has nothing to do with my being vice president," he said.
Haz sparked further controversy on May 29 when he paid a call on radical Muslim leader Abu Bakar Bashir in Central Java.
Bashir, who describes Osama bin Laden as a ?true Islamic warrior?, has been linked by authorities in Singapore and Malaysia to the extremist Jemaah Islamiyah network, which allegedly planned attacks against American and other Western targets in Southeast Asia last December. http://www.laksamana.net/vnews.cfm?news_id=3290
2006-11-13 10:48:01 EST
Chronological Summary March 2005 Part I
In this report FKM sums up the most important incidents of violence which have occured in Ambon and Maluku in the month of March, 2005, and some political policies and measures the Indonesian governement has taken, and which are being criticized by FKM.
1. Bombing Attacks. 6-3: Karang Panjang, near Kalvari Church; no victims; witnesses from local population and police. 9-3: Air Sakula, Laha, Laskar Jihad area; hundreds of bombs found; no arrests. 10-3: Talake(Telkom), 46 bombs found on former KOPASSUS-watchpost location. 11-3: Talake and Mardika, bombexplosions, no casualties. 12-3: Ambon-Centre, Mayor Office and Indojaya Hotel; two bombs found at either location; dismantled in time. 13-3: Valentine, bombexplosion, no casualties. 21-3: Urimessing(+Ponegoro); bombexplosion concours of christians and muslims; no fights, provocation failed. 27-3: Karang Panjang near Kasih Sinar Church; bombs placed; discovered and dismantled in time; perpetrators on the run with blue car(belonging to the military?).
2. Shell Explosions. 5-3: Lateri; shell thrown from motorcicle into the public; seven casualties of which two dead. 21-3: Batumerah; Shell thrown from a motorcycle into a minibus; shell thrown back on the street; five muslims injured of which two dead; after that minibus attacked by the mob; 15 passengers wounded.
3. Mysterious Murders. 5-3: Poka; victim Yesayas Haumase. 6-3: Kairatu; victim Marten Matenheru, in area of transmigrants from Java; infiltrated by KOPASSUS-military. 7-3: Piru; victim seriously injured; provocation between Ceramese and Tenggaranese failed. 8-3: Tual; Thai fisherman murdered in a harbour-area in which KOPASSUS have infiltrated. 18-3: Tulehu; victim Polly Wemay from Batu Gantung; perpetrator Maxi Manduapessy, a KOPASSUS-member.
4. Provocation Activities. 24-3: Galunggung(muslim); shooting at SMA 11 Secondary School; provocation failed. 28-3: Hitu Lama; fightings between citizens of Hitu Lama and Hitu Messing; repeat from similar provocations three months earlier; involvement of militia group that wants to put an end to the (so called) cooperation between FKM/RMS and TNI/POLRI.
5. Arrests and Ill-Treatments. 16-3: Kudamati; In a round-up action the family A. Matatula with eight persons arrested with charges of hoisting the RMS-flag; they were ill-treated. 25/26-3:Nania; FKM/RMS-prisoners intimidated by agents of the Detachment Nr. 88, that if at april 25, 2005, the RMS-flag will be hoisted, all FKM-prisoners will be dealt with relentlessly. 28-3: Namlea; many FKM/RMS sympathisers arrested and initimidated to cancel plans for hoisting the RMS-flag. 30-3: Kudamati; Arrest of Andre Kakisina, the sun-in-law of the FKM-leader A. H. Manuputty; Kakisina is a higher rank police-officer. 29/31-3:Nania; Moses Tuwanakotta, FKM Secr. General, dragged to and fro between prisoncells, his familiy not knowing anything about his whereabouts, and finally transported to Surabaya.
6. Brutal House-Searchings. 3-3: Hative Besar; 20 citizens of Hative Besar, charged with carrying out RMS-activities, arrested and their furniture smashed. 15-3: Kudamati; In the house Benny and Freddy Sapulete, where mrs. Holly Manuputty stayed to recover from her weak health, all furniture was smashed and belongings taken away by a group of 30 policemen. 17-3: Kayu Putih; two people, namely Elvis Saptenno and his housefriend, arrested, and illtreated on the charge of carrying out RMS-activities.
7. Bad Policy of Police and Justice. 3-3: Hative Besar; the 20 arrested citizens deprived of juridical support. 15/16-3:Kudamati/Nania; Mrs. Holly Manuputty put in jail, although she possessed an official Medical Statement about not being able to serve inprisonment because of bad health conditions.
8. BKO ( = Bawah Komando Operasi = Special Troops of TNI under Operation Command) 6-3: Waiheru/Wahai; In the forest area of Waiheru(Ambon) and Wahai(Ceram) the population is going crazy from continuous shootings of the military training exercises of the TNI-BKO forces, in which also the Laskar Jihad are involved. Whilst Laskar Jihad enter the gates of the Waiheru military camp, Moluccan military of the TNI look for a living place outside the camp. 7-3: Ambelau; The Island of Ambelau has been transferred into a transit harbour of Laskar Jihad. 22-3: Waiheru; Hundreds of full-armed BKO-cavalerists have arrived at Waiheru; there are now 20 batallions of TNI/BKO. 23-3: Ambon; TNI/BKO-units are included in the Military Intelligence Service, but they are full of Laskar Jihad and are full-armed, an Ambon more and more looks like a place of military training.
9. Governments Policy Criticised. 4-3: KKN-practises flourish; refugees are being neglected; benzine-prices explode without caring about citizen needs. 8-3: President Yudhoyono expresses his opinion that nobody should lament about the low punishment measure(2 years jail) of the JI-leader Abubakar Bashir; herewith he seems to actually support terrorism. 28-3: On the Island of Buru the ex-General Suaedy Marasabessy(well-known for his role in the Moluccan Conflict, 1999-2002) leads an anti FKM/RMS-campaign.
10. Propaganda and Lies of the Indonesian Government. 21-3: The Chairman of the Indonesian Delegation to the 61-st UN Human Rights Assembly at Geneva, Switserland, has stated that at beforementioned Assembly no RMS-delegation is present. 23-3: Vice-President Yusuf Kalla(architect of the Malino II Agreement) makes a prediction that the ongoing terrorist attacks at Ambon and in Maluku are the work of RMS. Thus far this summary of the events in Ambon-Maluku in the month of March, 2005, which are connected with the expected hoisting activities of the RMS-flag at April, 2005.
Wednesday, March 30, 2005 PAPUA : CHRISTIAN LEADER FEARS GENOCIDE By Elizabeth Kendal
AUSTRALIA (ANS) -- In Papua (formerly Irian Jaya), Eastern Indonesia, a quiet, hidden, atrocious campaign of ethnic cleansing is in progress. Unless there is radical policy change and reform, Papua will soon become majority Javanese and majority Muslim through the genocide of the predominantly Protestant indigenous Papuans. It is appalling hypocrisy that many Western governments that espouse the high principles of human rights seem content to disregard the genocidal policies of the Indonesian government, and the genocidal atrocities perpetrated by the systemically corrupt Indonesian military (TNI) against indigenous Papuan civilians ? policies and atrocities enacted with the sole aim of attaining unhindered access to Papua's vast resources for the purpose of exploitation. Through joint military training agreements, governments will ensure that the TNI is as professional a well armed human rights-abusing killing machine that it can be. These governments will be judged by history as complicit in this genocide, regardless of their human rights rhetoric. ------------------------------------------- SBS Dateline (Australia) recently aired a report on Papua by Nick Lazaredes. (Link 1) The report comprised film footage smuggled out of Papua, and interviews with a milita informant, a human rights activist who infiltrated the Laskar Jihad, and Papuan Baptist minister Sofyan Yoman. Pastor Yoman expresses his deep fear for the future of the predominantly Protestant indigenous Papuan people as Indonesia implements a policy of transmigration, shipping in massive numbers of Muslim immigrants to alter the racial and religious demographics of Papua. He says that six ferry loads of Muslim immigrants and soldiers arrive each day. Pastor Yoman also alleges that special autonomy funds to the value of 2.5 billion rupiah (around US$260,000), meant for humanitarian purposes, have been diverted to the Indonesian military (TNI) and are being used for military operations and atrocities against indigenous Papuans. These is great concern for large numbers of indigenous Papuans who have been driven from their homes by TNI operations. Photos shown on SBS Dateline pictured the aftermath of a TNI attack in late February on the remote highland village of Wunin, where elderly villagers were murdered and schools and churches were burnt to the ground. It is estimated that some 20,000 Papuans are struggling to survive in the jungle. Many are dying of disease and starvation in an unseen campaign of ethnic cleansing. TNI ? TRAINING MILITIAS SBS Dateline obtained information that indicates the aid funds are being spent by the TNI primarily in funding and training militias. A militia informant told SBS Dateline, "I can tell you here and now that in Manokwari the military are establishing and organising militias, which are known as Satgas Merah Putih. They have established two bases in Manokwari, in transmigrant areas where there [are] many Muslims." According to the informant, the pro-Indonesia Satgas Merah Putih (Red and White militias) are being armed in preparation for an ethnic cleansing campaign against the indigenous Papuans. The informant continues: "Large numbers of bullets in boxes are being stored in workshops in food stalls and by the road. What is the motive or reason for this? So I am convinced that the military is organising militias in these two places and at some stage these militias will become a force used to attack the community as happened in East Timor." TNI ? IN LEAGUE WITH JIHADISTS SBS Dateline also interviewed a human rights activist who had infiltrated the Laskar Jihad (Islamic "holy war" militia) through the local Mujaheddi mosque in Sorong. He told SBS, "The sort of activities Laskar Jihad were involved in, in Sorong, were firstly, intimidating and killing Papuans who were involved in the Papua Independence Movement, and secondly, spreading rumours in various places, to create fear." He also described to SBS the nature of the Islamic teaching received in the mosque. "The truth of Islam had to be made concrete, so we had to wage jihad against those who wanted to destroy the Islamist community, both its people and its places of worship. We were taught how to monitor the strength of the religious groups. In particular in Sorong, we monitored places of worship. I don't just mean Christian places of worship but also those of other religions. We were also told to determine the number of neighbourhoods in Sorong where the majority of inhabitants were Christian." He also noted, "Haji Ahmad once said in the Mujaheddin mosque, our network, the Laskar Jihad in Sorong, all its activities would be reported to al-Qa'ida." MILITARY BUILD UP IN PAPUA In the SBS Dateline interview, Pastor Yoman comments on the link between the TNI and the militias: "Wherever there are Indonesian soldiers, the militia and the jihadists are there too. They are inseparable. They are very close." With this in mind, the news that the military is about to enlarge its presence in Papua, particularly in Sorong, is of great concern. According to the Jakarta Post (19 March), Army spokesman Brig. Gen. Hotmagaradja Pandjaitan said on Friday 18 March, that, in line with the Army's guidelines on the development of its strength, a new division of elite troops is to be set up and stationed in Papua. The Jakarta Post reports that the plan involves the gradual deployment of up to 15,000 troops from the Army's Strategic Reserves Command (Kostrad) from 2005 through 2009. "The first 5,000 troops will be recruited from Makassar in South Sulawesi," Pandjaitan told the Jakarta Post. "They will be deployed in Sorong, Papua. To bring the number up to a total of 15,000, we will also recruit troops from military commands (Kodam) nationwide." ------------------------------------------- The present scenario faced by indigenous Papuans is that of increased Javanese Muslim population, increased TNI presence, increased Western support (including military training) for the TNI, restrictions on foreign journalists and NGOs, and war-ready TNI armed and trained Merah Putih and Laskar Jihad militias, all in a rich land ripe for exploitation. No wonder Papuan Christian leaders are warning of impending genocide. PAPUA ON WCC'S AGENDA AT UNCHR The World Council of Churches' (WCC) will seek to raise awareness of the critical situation in Papua at this year's 61st session of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) (12 March-22 April ). According to the WCC press release, notable religious leaders from Papua will address a public event on Thursday, 31 March. Then from 2- 4 April, representatives of faith-based bodies attending the 61st session, including the WCC, will meet to strategise together on the human rights of the Papuan people. A study on the economic, social and cultural rights of the Papuan people commissioned by the German churches with the WCC, and undertaken by Papuan academics and human rights defenders, will also be released. (Link 2) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Links 1) SBS Dateline ? transcript. 16 March 2005 http://news.sbs.com.au/dateline/index.php?page=archive&daysum=2005-03-16# 2) Papua focus of WCC at UNCHR 61st session http://www.wfn.org/2005/03/msg00213.html